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Cheat Sheet

  1. About how many people are diagnosed with cancer in the United States every year?
    Answer: C, 1.7 million

    It’s estimated that 1.7 million Americans received a cancer diagnosis and almost 600,000 Americans lost their battle with cancer in 2016.  While the number of people surviving their cancers is increasing, we still need to do more to improve outcomes.
  2. How many types of cancer are there?
    Answer: D, more than 200

    There are more than 200 diseases that are collectively known as cancer. Many cancers are named by the organ where a tumor develops—for example, kidney cancer, pancreatic cancer, salivary gland cancer. Any cancer that has spread beyond its site of origin is considered “metastatic” cancer.
  3. Data is becoming increasingly important in the study and treatment of cancer. Recently-launched AACR Project GENIE is a registry of genomic data and outcomes from thousands of cancer patients. How many tumor sequences are in AACR Project GENIE?
    Answer: D, 18,000+

    Currently, the errors in the DNA of 18,804 tumors have been identified to help direct the treatment of the 18,324 patients afflicted with those cancers. For comparison, the cancer registry is about the size of the undergraduate student population at the University of Southern California!  By this fall, the registry is expected to double, making it the largest publicly available clinical cancer genomic database.  
  4. Which agency is responsible for regulating and approving cancer drugs?
    Answer: B, U.S. Food and Drug Administration

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for regulating and approving cancer drugs. Companies seeking to bring a drug to market must first test the drug in laboratories and in animals. Then, it’s tested in humans to verify that it’s safe and effective. FDA physicians and scientists conduct a thorough review to ensure the drug’s benefits outweigh its risks. If the FDA approves the drug, companies may begin selling it.
  5. A major part of our mission is to reduce the incidence of cancer before it develops in the first place, and vaccines are an effective way to do that. Which cancer type has an approved vaccine to help reduce the risk of developing that cancer?
    Answer: A, Cervical Cancer

    Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by the human papillomavirus, which can be prevented by a vaccine. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that boys and girls receive two doses of the vaccine, beginning at age 11 or 12.
  6. Which gender is more likely to get cancer?
    Answer: A, Men

    Approximately 1 out of every 2 men will be diagnosed with a form of cancer during their lifetime, while approximately 1 in 3 women will be diagnosed. This is a staggering number regardless of gender, showcasing the importance of cancer research breakthroughs.

The American Association for Cancer Research

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) is the first and largest scientific organization in the world focused on every aspect of high-quality, innovative cancer research. The AACR was founded in 1907 by a group of 11 physicians and scientists interested in research “to further the investigation and spread the knowledge of cancer.”

The mission of the AACR is to prevent and cure cancer through research, education, communication, and collaboration. To that end, the AACR supports the entire continuum of cancer research from fundamental science to clinical and translational research.

Throughout our history, the AACR and its members – now numbering more than 37,000 researchers, physician-scientists, patient advocates, survivors and others in 108 countries worldwide – have been at the forefront of every major advance in cancer treatment and prevention.

Learn more about the AACR and our efforts to defeat cancer in our 2016 Annual Report – Delivering Cures Through Cancer Science. There are many ways you can take action to support lifesaving cancer research.